Description of gooseberry Russian yellow: care features

Description of gooseberry Russian yellow: care features

In the 60s of the last century, breeders worked to create a high-yielding gooseberry variety that could grow in any climatic conditions in Russia. The result was the Russian Yellow. In the photo, the berries of this variety look unusual, since they are not dark, but golden-green in color. A description of the rules of care will help gardeners assess the merits of the variety and correct the shortcomings.

Variety history

Russian yellow is a clone of the Russian gooseberry, which has been listed in the register of breeding achievements since 1959. The variety received new characteristics, but also adopted the positive old ones. In particular, Russian yellow is resistant to powdery mildew, it is winter-hardy, self-fertile and high-yielding. The spreading of the shoots was also transmitted from the Russian, but the bush became more compact.

Russian yellow is a clone of Russian gooseberry

Russian yellow was accepted for variety testing in 1964, entered into the State Register in 1974. Zoned for the Ural and North-Western regions. However, due to its adaptability to all weather conditions, this gooseberry can be grown in different climatic zones. It bears fruit well in hot dry summers and cool rainy summers.

Description of the gooseberry variety Russian yellow

An adult bush grows to a height of just over 1 m, without thickening. The wood of the fruiting branches is light brown. There are thorns, but they are concentrated mainly in the lower part of the shoots. The berries ripen in late June or early July, depending on weather conditions. The fruits are large - up to 7 g, they look very beautiful, they shine in the sun, since they do not have pubescence and are covered with a waxy coating. Ripe berries acquire a golden hue, the skin becomes thin and transparent.

Gooseberry fruits Russian yellow without pubescence, with a wax coating

Gooseberry is the earliest honey plant. In spring, it is the first among berry bushes to bloom and attract bees to the site. In folk medicine, berries are used as a diuretic and choleretic agent.

Gardeners who grow Russian yellow talk about a sweet and sour taste. The fruits contain a lot of sugar, have a dessert taste, so some people pick unripe green gooseberries in principle, since they contain more ascorbic and other acids. One bush annually without pollinators gives 4-10 kg of berries. Even overripe, they do not crumble, do not burst or rot.

Ripe berries - glossy, with a golden hue

Features of growing Russian yellow

Of course, this gooseberry also has disadvantages: a spreading crown, the presence of thorns, the bush is affected by spider mites and fungal diseases. In the description of the variety, the relative resistance to powdery mildew is indicated, and not absolute. In addition, cases of anthracnose disease have been recorded. Taking into account the shortcomings and need to be cared for.

Choice of place and timing of boarding

Russian yellow grows beautifully in the diffused shade of trees, lattice fences, among other shrubs. However, part of the day it must be illuminated by the bright sun. A place where the soil is always damp, does not dry out for a long time after melting snow and rains, is not suitable.

The best place for gooseberries is under a fence that lets in light and air, away from paths and resting places.

The ideal time for planting is autumn, immediately after the leaves fall, when the buds of the next year have already laid and matured. Many recommend replanting in the spring, before bud break. But gooseberries start growing very early, when the ground has just thawed.

If your summer cottage season opens on the May holidays, after the site warms up well and dries out, then you will be late with planting gooseberries.

Landing

The parameters of the planting pit should correspond to the size of the roots. The root collar can be deepened, that is, planted 3-5 cm deeper than the gooseberry grew earlier. The rest of the fit does not differ from the classic. Mix the removed soil with humus or compost 1: 1, add 1 tbsp. ash. If the land is infertile (with clay, sand, stones), then make the planting hole more, then you will get more nutrient mixture. After planting the seedling of Russian yellow, be sure to water and mulch the hole with at least grass cut or sprinkle with dry earth so that no crust and cracks form.

Video: rules for planting gooseberries

How to water

Russian yellow does not like waterlogging, is resistant to drought, but the berries will be larger and tastier if the bush is watered. In addition, stability in care and growing conditions has a positive effect on immunity, and the gooseberry becomes resistant to disease.

When watering gooseberries, you need to make the ground wet 40 cm deep

In the dry season, watering the Russian yellow is necessary once a week so that the earth gets wet at least 40 cm. It is especially important to ensure sufficient moisture during flowering (May) and fruit loading (mid to late June). You also need water charging irrigation in September (in the absence of rain).

Video: about watering and fertilizing for gooseberries

Table: gooseberry feeding

Use only one of the fertilizers for each top dressing. All solutions and infusions listed in the table can be poured over the leaves. They represent an acidic or alkaline environment that is detrimental to fungi and not to the taste of pests, but useful to the plant, is well absorbed and assimilated by both leaves and roots.

Disease and pest control

Most often, pests and diseases act together: insects pierce young leaves, shoots, ovaries, suck out juices, and fungi are fixed in the wounds. In most cases, they are brought by insects from neighboring infected plants. Therefore, pest control is also disease prevention.

Table: diseases and pests of Russian yellow, methods of control and prevention

Photo gallery: pests and diseases of Russian yellow

Bush formation

You don't have to complicate your life by forming a Russian yellow bush, but simply allow it to grow naturally. But sanitary pruning is essential. Remove broken, crooked, and diseased shoots every spring. From 5-7 years of age, cut the oldest branches annually. They can be easily distinguished by their dark and cracked bark.

Rules for the classic formation of gooseberries:

  1. Cut off all shoots one third of their length immediately after planting. Over the summer, they will be covered with twigs of the second order, and several replacement shoots will grow from the ground.
  2. Leave the existing, fruiting branches as well as 3-5 of the strongest young replacement shoots the following spring, and cut the rest at ground level.
  3. In the third year, add up to five more shoots. So form the bush for about five years, until it has 20-25 branches.
  4. From the sixth year, cut out not only last year's shoots, but also old branches, and leave strong young shoots to replace them.

Gooseberries need sanitary pruning every year.

PFrom the branches with berries, put supports so that they do not lie on the ground and do not rot. The Russian yellow bush retains a high yield for 15 years. Then you can rejuvenate it by cutting off absolutely all shoots to zero, wait for the overgrowth and form a new bush. But it is better to pin the lignified branch to the damp ground in the spring. By the fall, she will give roots, you will have planting material ready.

Enthusiastic gardeners form a gooseberry in the form of a tree - from one shoot with a stem and skeletal branches. There are also known cases of growing on a trellis, by analogy with raspberries.

Video: pruning gooseberries

Preparing for winter

Russian yellow is winter-hardy and thorny; it does not need to be protected from frost or rodents. In regions with severe winters, it will be entirely under the snow, and in the south it will definitely not freeze out. If it is frosty and snowy in your winter, do not forget to remove all summer props and garters after falling leaves so that the branches are closer to the ground, especially if metal wire was used. In places of contact with metal at subzero temperatures, shoots and buds will freeze.

Also remove from under the bush and around it all fallen leaves and fruits. Replace mulch, in which pests and fungi have taken refuge for the winter, with a new one.

Before the winter cold, it is necessary to remove the supports, clear the ground of foliage and fruits, mulch the bush

Harvesting

Russian yellow gooseberry is harvested in July. The berries are not prone to shedding, so the entire rich harvest can be harvested slowly, in several steps. For the preparation of preserves, jams and compotes, the fruits are harvested at the stage of technical ripeness, that is, still green on the outside, but sweet on the inside. Fully ripe golden berries are eaten fresh, fruit drinks and wine are prepared from them. Gooseberries can be stored in the refrigerator for about a week, and they also tolerate transportation well.

Video: gooseberry and orange jam

Reviews of gooseberry Russian yellow

It is pleasant to look after Russian yellow. This is the case when all efforts pay off with interest. On a high agricultural background, the yield will impress anyone: the branches are literally covered with berries - beautiful, large and tasty.

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In the late 80s, this cabbage was jointly bred by Krasnodar and Moscow breeders. The hybrid appeared in the State Register in 1993. One of the well-known modern producers of cabbage seeds is TM Uralsky Dachnik (Chelyabinsk region). The variety is approved for planting in most regions of the country, but the North is an exception.

The originators advise to plant cabbage only outdoors. All official recommendations and specifications are given solely for this method of growing white cabbage.

Attention! In fact, gardeners sometimes still cultivate a cabbage hybrid in a greenhouse.

The leaf rosette of the plant is half-raised. The leaves themselves are round, light. Ripe head of cabbage inside is pale green, almost white (see photo). The variety is classified as super early. 50-55 days pass before the first cabbage is harvested after transplanting. From shoots to this moment you need to wait about 100 days.

ViewWhite-headed
Head of cabbage, stumpRounded, medium density. Inner - short, outer - short
Fruit weight0.9-1.5 kg
Landing scheme40x60 cm
Ripening periodEarly ripe
Drop off locationOG
By type of useUniversal
DiseasesResistant to most diseases


Finnish gooseberry: distinctive features of the variety

Above all, this variety yields a generous harvest when the farmer takes proper care of the plant. This gooseberry will root perfectly even in areas with cold winters, as it can withstand even severe frosts. As for diseases, the plant is characterized by the greatest resistance to powdery mildew.

What other points should a gardener know about who decides to cultivate a Finnish variety on his plot? Bushes grow slightly spreading and not too tall. The shape of the leaf plate is oval and the color is a dark shade of green. Such a plant blooms in May.

With proper cultivation of a shrub in your garden, you will get yellow berries with a thin skin as a result. Their taste deserves special attention: a pronounced sweetness with a slight sourness will be appreciated by every gooseberry lover. You can harvest a full harvest by the middle of summer, since this species belongs to the mid-season varieties of berry bushes.

Remember: after planting seedlings in open ground, you will not taste these nutritious berries in the first year.

Moreover, some experts recommend cutting off flowers and ovaries altogether during the first spring-summer season, so that the bush can take root well, and does not waste energy on ripening the fruits. But gooseberries begin to actively bear fruit already in the second - third year after planting.

Planting and leaving

Like most gooseberry varieties, the Finnish gooseberry variety is planted both in the fall (late September) and in the spring (before similar shrubs begin to bloom).

In order for the land work carried out by you to be effective, soak the root system of the seedlings in a special solution - a growth stimulator for at least a day.

In this case, the plant will begin to root and grow much more intensively.

How is this gooseberry planting? Everything is simple enough. You need to dig holes in the area you have chosen. If you have already applied fertilizers to open ground in the fall, it is not necessary to add them directly during planting.

Remember also that after you have placed the seedlings in the holes, you need to carefully and carefully spread their root system, and then gradually cover them with earth, not forgetting to water them with water. This procedure must be done gradually so that the soil is compacted, and no gaps remain between the balls of the soil.

What is the process of caring for Finnish gooseberries? This is a set of basic agricultural techniques that almost every gardener knows about. First of all, rooted seedlings need to be watered from time to time.

It is also very important to loosen the soil circle around shrubs and remove weeds. A separate, but no less important stage in ensuring full care of berry bushes is to protect the plant from all kinds of diseases and pests.

Site and soil selection

What every gardener should worry about in advance is not only about purchasing high-quality gooseberry varieties, but also about choosing the right site for planting them. What should be considered first? To begin with, try to determine a well-lit place and protected from the winds for gooseberry seedlings.

The bushes of this plant can be safely planted even near the hedge. Another important point: the soil should be well fertilized, but not too wet. If the root system of the bush is constantly damp, it will simply begin to rot.

Sometimes the choice of a place for gooseberries becomes a whole problem for the farmer. And all because not all summer cottages have enough space for shrubs. If you have the same situation, you can plant gooseberry bushes between the fruit trees. However, remember that the plant must have access to sunlight, otherwise all your efforts may be in vain.

Watering and feeding

It is advisable to be more careful with moistening the soil circle near Finnish gooseberry bushes. It is very important that the groundwater does not run too high, otherwise your plant will not be able to develop fully. As for top dressing, it is not enough to apply fertilizer in the fall in the process of preparing the site for planting gooseberry bushes.

Foliar dressing is another key point. Here it is necessary to follow some rules, and add nutrient mixtures to the soil not chaotically, but using a certain system, which includes the following steps:

  • the first feeding is carried out at a time when the first leaves begin to form on the bush. The composition of the solution must include urea and nitrophosphate.
  • the second stage must be carried out during flowering of the shrub. Potassium sulfate and special gooseberry fertilizers can be used as a nutrient mixture.
  • the third feeding will be needed by the plant during the period of active consumption of energy (during the formation of fruits). Nitrophoska and potassium humate are the key components of the next vitamin solution.

Carry out all the stages of fertilizing shrubs correctly - and you will get a high result.

Pruning

To begin with, pruning is carried out in order for the young shrub to form correctly. But after the first three years of plant cultivation in your summer cottage, the main purpose of pruning is to reduce the density. At the same time, do not forget to remove old and dry branches, broken and damaged shoots.

Stick to the key rule: branches that are more than 5-6 years old will no longer be able to bear fruit fully, so they can be removed without regret. Some farmers prune shoots not only in early spring or late autumn, but also in summer. They cut off the tops of the green shoots so that large berries can form on the bush.

Yield indicators

The Finnish gooseberry variety will be the best choice for gardeners who are going to cultivate this plant in moderate climatic conditions.

He tolerates winter well with its excessive frosts, and is also tolerant of drought in summer. As for the volume of the harvest, this plant is considered a medium-yielding plant.

However, if you provide proper care for the bush, you will be able to harvest rather large berries as a result.

Follow the basic recommendations from experts - and this kind of shrub will be the best choice for you. Grow large and nutritious gooseberries on your site, which in the future can not only be consumed fresh, but also used to prepare various dishes.

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